Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence <p style="text-align: justify;">The Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence (EISSN: 3006-5437) is a leading publication dedicated to the convergence of modern AI with ancient Babylonian insights. It showcases peer-reviewed research, articles, and reviews exploring the interface between AI technologies and historical Babylonian methodologies. The journal serves as a hub for interdisciplinary discussions, fostering collaboration among researchers and practitioners pushing the boundaries of AI while drawing inspiration from Babylonian knowledge systems.</p> Mesopotamian Academic Press en-US Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 3006-5437 Enhanced Priority-Integrated Mult winner Voting Software <p>Modern democracy values efficient, fair elections. This paper offers Google Cola an embedded interactive multi-winner voting method to improve democracy. Candidates and values can be entered using Python in the Colab. Basic Python algorithms and classes simplify priority candidate multi-winner elections. According to user feedback, event-driven programming modifies candidate priority enabling accurate and effective elections.</p> <p>These embedded system functions prioritize, rank, and aggregate votes.</p> <p>These mathematics facilitate fair and transparent outcome processing. This research demonstrates the embedded system's technology deployment and potential to support inclusive elections. The proposed solution helps electoral democratization by integrating collaboration with cutting-edge technologies</p> Firas Ali Hashim Qabas Abdal Zahraa Nadia Mahmood Hussien Yasmin Makki Mohialden Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-04-07 2024-04-07 2024 27 33 10.58496/BJAI/2024/005 Analyzing Ghana's Pharmacy Act, 1994 (Act 489) Regarding Quality Control and Negligence Liability Measures for Artificial Intelligence Pharmacy Systems <p>The objective of this systematic review was to assess the adequacy of current medication management in Ghana considering the risks posed by increased artificial intelligence (AI) automation in pharmacies worldwide A qualitative comparative approach was used despite reviewed the Ghana 1994 Pharmacy Act against recognition of AI challenges and international governance guidelines . The results revealed flaws in terms of quality prerequisites, transparency checklists and liability mechanisms developed for AI systems compared to existing regulations of the manual process. Outdated approaches to patient care that fail to ensure patient safety or address threats to the accuracy of recommendations from data collection biases and technical errors. Proposed changes include a requirement for usability testing before approving AI pharmacy deployments and the creation of a review board to review post-implementation systems for validity. Updating regulations to deal with modern equipment puts innovation and responsible regulation in the fast-paced healthcare industry. This study contributes significantly to preliminary research on AI policy readiness in the Ghanaian legal context, and suggests a feasible methodology for exploring qualitative differences for use in companies and countries competing for technology a disturbing, increasingly beyond the date code. Early government reform helps keep pace with the realities of adoption.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> George Benneh Mensah Maad M. Mijwil Ioannis Adamopoulos Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-02-15 2024-02-15 2024 14 19 10.58496/BJAI/2024/003 A Review of Using Chatgpt for Scientific Manuscript Writing <p>Scientific manuscripts an important in publishing research findings and advancing scientific knowledge. The method of writing a manuscript can take time and be a challenge for a lot of researchers. Artificial intelligence have helped the improvement of scientific writing. ChatGPT is an AI language model developed by OpenAI. This study review aims to evaluate ChatGPT for scientific manuscript writing, showing an overview of ChatGPT's abilities and limitations and highlighting its benefits and challenges in scientific writing. This study talks about review studied various methods in which researchers could use ChatGPT. This review also discussed ethical considerations related to ChatGPT in scientific manuscript writing including the impact of authorship, plagiarism, and the science community. It considers the importance of clarity and ensuring appropriate attribution when incorporating AI-generated content into scientific manuscripts the review gives the evaluation of researchers who using ChatGPT in scientific writing and it highlights their experiences challenges and recommendations for using ChatGPT as a written tool effectively.</p> Ahmed Adil Nafea Mohammed M AL-Ani Meaad Ali Khalaf Mustafa S. Ibrahim Alsumaidaie Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-01-10 2024-01-10 2024 9 13 10.58496/BJAI/2024/002 Elderly People Health Care Monitoring System Using Internet of Things (IOT) For Exploratory Data Analysis <p>The majority of senior persons are suffering a loss of physical condition their health is vital, the prevalence of illnesses has increased in the current age compared to previous generations, making health management in hospital sector. One of the concepts that can harness the advantages of the Internet of Things to better the older lifestyle is health monitoring for active and aided functioning. This approach aims to create a wireless communication system designed to remotely monitor patients. Each patient is wirelessly monitored based on Body temperature is measured via a temperature sensor, which gives an accuracy of around some certain value. The sensor carries a heart rate monitor with a pulse oximetry sensor. There are two light-emitting in it; one produces red light and the other infrared light. For tracking the amount of oxygen in the blood, two infrared LEDs are needed, but only one is needed to calculate the heart rate. The ESP 8266 (Node MCU) controller gathers the data and sends it to the specific application and Communication will be sent again to the consumers based on the data examination. The outcome results manage each patient's data separately and are used in hospitals, old age homes, and physically challenged people. Every sensor of data, such as temperature, heart rate, and abnormal heartbeat, will be managed in the database processed with GPS coordinates and data analyses using Think Speak Web Application is for informing about personal health data.</p> Rahul Sanmugam Gopi R. Suganthi J. Jasmine Hephzipah G. Amirthayogam P.N. Sundararajan T. Pushparaj Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-06-02 2024-06-02 2024 54 63 10.58496/BJAI/2024/008 A Brief Review on Preprocessing Text in Arabic Language Dataset: Techniques and Challenges <p>Text preprocessing plays an important role in natural language processing (NLP) tasks containing text classification, sentiment analysis, and machine translation. The preprocessing of Arabic text still presents unique challenges due to the language's rich morphology, complex grammar, and various character sets. This brief review studied various techniques utilized for preprocessing Arabic text data. This study discusses the challenges specific to Arabic text and current an overview of key preprocessing steps including normalization, tokenization, stemming, stop-word removal, and noise reduction. This survey analyzes preprocessing techniques on NLP tasks and focus on current research trends and future directions in Arabic text preprocessing.</p> Ahmed Adil Nafea Muhmmad Shihab Muayad Russel R Majeed Ashour Ali Omar M. Bashaddadh Meaad Ali Khalaf Abu Baker Nahid Sami Amani Steiti Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-05-18 2024-05-18 2024 46 53 10.58496/BJAI/2024/007 Enhancing Agriculture Crop Classification with Deep Learning <p>To classify rice crops, the paper applies deep learning to agricultural crop images to classify rice crops. The collection includes images of wheat, rice, sugarcane, jute, and maize.</p> <p>We improved variety by horizontally flipping, rotating, and shifting rice image data sets. A CNN structure classifies rice and non-rice crops.</p> <p>The model has 100% accuracy on training and testing datasets; however, the classification report shows label imbalance problems for precision, recall, and F-score.</p> <p>Deep learning can help classify crops as well as make decisions in agriculture based on research.</p> <p>The study recommends more studies and improvements to enhance model performance and address dataset concerns. The research advances agricultural technology and emphasizes machine learning for crop management and production.</p> Yasmin Makki Mohialden Nadia Mahmood Hussien Saba Abdulbaqi Salman Ahmed Bahaaulddin A. Alwahhab Mumtaz Ali Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-03-02 2024-03-02 2024 20 26 10.58496/BJAI/2024/004 A Survey on the Potential of Artificial Intelligence Tools in Tourism Information Services <p><span class="fontstyle0">Recently, ChatGPT, an advanced AI language model, has transformed the tourism industry by redefining how travelers access information and experience destinations. This survey explores the multifaceted potential of ChatGPT in various sectors of the tourism domain. The study begins by addressing the ethical considerations related to AI and natural language processing, emphasizing the necessity of privacy and data security in ChatGPT interactions. It analyzes the recent research findings, demonstrating ChatGPT’s e</span><span class="fontstyle2">ffi</span><span class="fontstyle0">cacy in translating languages for tourists and improving services. The technology’s impact on tourism education and research is explored, highlighting its disruptive e</span><span class="fontstyle2">ff</span><span class="fontstyle0">ects, benefits, and challenges, particularly in academic contexts. The paper delves into ChatGPT’s influence on the hospitality and tourism sector, focusing on its role in customer interactions, backend operations, and research methodologies. Additionally, it examines ChatGPT’s implications for content creation, visitor motivations, cultural perceptions, and regional tourism management. These insights shed light on ChatGPT’s potential to enhance customer experiences, influence visitor behaviors, and bridge cultural gaps in diverse tourism contexts. Concluding with preliminary guidelines for ChatGPT adoption, this paper equips industry professionals with essential knowledge to leverage the technology e</span><span class="fontstyle2">ff</span><span class="fontstyle0">ectively. By embracing ChatGPT, the tourism industry can provide travelers with more informed, personalized, and immersive experiences, thus enhancing overall satisfaction and engagement during their journeys.</span> </p> Osamah Mohammed Alyasiri Kalaivani Selvaraj Hussain A. Younis Thaeer Mueen Sahib Muthana Faaeq Almasoodi Israa M. Hayder Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-01-10 2024-01-10 2024 1 8 10.58496/BJAI/2024/001 Healthcare Analysis Based on Diabetes Prediction Using a Cuckoo-Based Deep Convolutional Long-Term Memory Algorithm <p>In recent years, the demand for mobile medical applications utilizing the Internet of Things (IoT) for diabetes diagnosis has been progressively increasing. Diabetes is commonly known as a chronic illness that presents a significant danger to individuals, analysing when blood sugar levels surpass the typical range. If diabetes is not promptly treated, hyperosmolar conditions can lead to serious health issues like hyperglycaemia and possibly even death.&nbsp; Since early detection enables lifestyle changes&nbsp;that prevent the disease's progression, it is crucial for diabetes management and health systems. However, diabetes diagnosis has a long computational time and low prediction accuracy. To address this issue, we propose a Cuckoo-Based Deep Convolutional Long-Term Memory (CDC-LSTM) algorithm that increases accuracy by classifying diabetics or non-diabetics. Additionally, we utilize the Standardized Feature Scaler (SFS) method to normalize the variance data by removing the mean of each feature. Moreover, we select the optimal features in the diabetes dataset utilising the Filter-Based Decision Tree (FBDT) technique. Finally, the proposed CDC-LSTM method can be used to distinguish between diabetics and non-diabetics, improving the accuracy of identifying diabetic patients. Additionally, the proposed method can predict diabetes using performance assessments such as precision, recall, and F-measure. Furthermore, the method's accuracy can be improved to 95.18% compared to previous approaches.</p> T. Kavitha G. Amirthayogam J. Jasmine Hephzipah R. Suganthi Venkata Anjani Kumar G T. Chelladurai Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-06-11 2024-06-11 2024 64 72 10.58496/BJAI/2024/009 Using Deep Learning Technology Based Energy-Saving For Software Defined Wireless Sensor Networks (SDWSN) Framework <p>This paper discusses the significance of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) in collecting critical data from various environments, highlighting the challenges presented by the limited resources of small, highly mobile sensors. The integration of WSNs into the Internet of Things (IoT) enables the collection and transmission of data to centralized locations. Especially in complex network topologies, efficient routing of packets is crucial for optimizing resource utilization in WSN nodes. Software-Defined Networks (SDNs), in which a centralized controller makes routing decisions based on network and packet data, are replacing traditional static routing. Nevertheless, due to the complexity of WSN topologies and cost-effectiveness concerns, Machine Learning (ML) techniques are currently being used to improve SDNWSN decision-making. This paper presents a technique that employs a neural network trained via Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL) to extend the lifespan of WSNs by optimizing energy utilization via efficient routing. 2DCNN and 3DCNN neural networks are evaluated, with 3DCNN showing superior performance, resulting in an 18% increase in network lifespan. Additionally, the study emphasizes the significance of avoiding resource depletion in high-traffic nodes by considering alternative routing paths to guarantee the lifespan of the network.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Sarah Mohammed Alqaraghuli Oguz Karan Copyright (c) 2024 Babylonian Journal of Artificial Intelligence 2024-04-30 2024-04-30 2024 34 45 10.58496/BJAI/2024/006