Babylonian Journal of Internet of Things <p>The Babylonian Journal of Internet of Things focuses on advancing IoT technologies. It offers a platform for sharing cutting-edge research and applications in sensor networks, architectures, data analytics, security, and various IoT fields. Committed to fostering innovation, it pushes the boundaries of IoT research and practical implementations</p> <p> </p> Mesopotamian academic press en-US Babylonian Journal of Internet of Things 3006-1083 A Brief Review of Big Data in Healthcare: Challenges and Issues, Recent Developments, and Future Directions <p>Big data is improving the healthcare industry and creating opportunities for improved patient care, personalized medicine, and advanced research. This brief review article aims to survey the challenges and issues connected with big data in healthcare, discuss recent developments in the field, and highlight future directions for helping big data to enhance healthcare outcomes by understanding these aspects, participants can make informed decisions and contribute to the advancement of big data analytics in healthcare.</p> Ahmed Adil Nafea Russel R Majeed Ashour Ali Ahmed Jumaah Yas Saeed Amer Alameri Mohammed M AL-Ani Copyright (c) 2024 Ahmed Adil Nafea, Russel R Majeed , Ashour Ali , Ahmed Jumaah Yas, Saeed Amer Alameri , Mohammed M AL-Ani 2024-02-26 2024-02-26 2024 10 15 10.58496/BJIoT/2024/002 Impact of IoT-Based Environmental Monitoring on Lab Safety and Sustainability <p>Several internal and external dangers might threaten a laboratory, the institution, and the public if not addressed properly. These hazards are addressed by our extensive laboratory monitoring system. This device detects elevated temperatures, gas leaks, fires, and solution pH. Elements of this system include an Esp32 microcontroller, LCD, Arduino Uno, mq2 gas sensor, DS18B20 temperature sensor, flame sensor, relay, water pump, and pH sensor for acidity measurement. The Arduino IDE controls sensors. Once the temperature reaches 50 degrees Celsius, an alarm, red LED, and mobile phone notification activate. Gas leaks activate a green LED, an alarm, and a message. Flame sensors notify and start water pumps when fires occur. Gas leaks and fires activate a buzzer. The IoT offers essential incident reporting and remote laboratory monitoring. The code is written in Arduino C++.</p> Nadia Mahmoud Hussein Yasmin Makki Mohialden Saba Abdulbaqi Salman Copyright (c) 2024 Nadia Mahmoud Hussein , Yasmin Makki Mohialden, Saba Abdulbaqi Salman 2024-03-01 2024-03-01 2024 16 26 10.58496/BJIoT/2024/003 System design and implementation of an IoT electronic pulse sphygmomanometer <p>A sphygmomanometer is a standard testing tool for monitoring blood pressure and plays a vital role in modern medical diagnosis. Traditional smart electronic sphygmomanometers are complex and costly; this paper designs a low-cost electronic pulse sphygmomanometer through microcontroller control. This design collects the gas pressure information through the barometric pressure sensor and inputs it into the analog-to-digital converter. It converts the collected analog signal into a digital signal and then completes the determination of blood pressure and pulse through the recognition algorithm. Finally, this design is found to have the advantages oa f wide range of applicationslightweightht, low price, etc., and has important application value.</p> Yitong Niu Haiyang Wang Vugar Abdullayevdep-t Israa Ibraheem Al_Barazanchi Copyright (c) 2024 Yitong Niu, Haiyang Wang, Vugar Abdullayevdep-t, Israa Ibraheem Al_Barazanchi 2024-01-10 2024-01-10 2024 1 9 10.58496/BJIoT/2024/001 Role of Food and Drugs Authority Act, 1992 (PNDCL 305B) and Legislative Instrument (LI) in Regulating Artificial Intelligence Based Medical Devices, Apps, and Systems to Prevent Negligence <p><strong>Objective:</strong> This analysis evaluates whether Ghana’s Food and Drugs Authority Act provides adequate statutory basis and policy tools for the medical regulatory authority to evaluate risks and oversee artificial intelligence (AI) based software devices, given complexities of AI technology.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Case examples of medical AI systems and international regulatory issues establish current challenges for regulators. Specific sections of the Act are analysed regarding definitions, requirements for safety and efficacy evidence, guidelines for changes to approved devices, and post-market powers.</p> <p><strong>Results and Conclusions:</strong> Current law does not provide explicit provisions to require transparency into AI systems’ decision-making or continuous monitoring of real-world performance. However added clauses on privacy and cybersecurity demonstrate a policy precedent for regulating complex technologies.</p> <p><strong>Recommendations</strong>: Updates should enable differentiated evaluation approach based on risk-tiers. Powers for inspecting algorithmic logic require expansion to address AI opacity.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Novelty and Significance</strong>: This represents the first analysis situating medical AI governance within Ghanaian statutes. Stress-testing decades old policy structures against emerging technology risks is both scientifically novel and significant for public health oversight.</p> George Benneh Mensah Maad M. Mijwil Mostafa Abotaleb Amr Badr Ioannis Adamopoulos Abdullah S. Arafat Mohammad Hameed Copyright (c) 2024 George Benneh Mensah, Maad M. Mijwil, Mostafa Abotaleb, Amr Badr, Ioannis Adamopoulos, Abdullah S. Arafat, Mohammad Hameed 2024-03-27 2024-03-27 2024 27 32 10.58496/BJIoT/2024/004